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JDBC

XTDB nodes can use JDBC databases to store their transaction logs and/or document stores.

Local Cluster Mode

Project Dependencies

  • deps.edn

  • pom.xml

com.xtdb/xtdb-jdbc {:mvn/version "1.19.0-beta1"}
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.xtdb</groupId>
    <artifactId>xtdb-jdbc</artifactId>
    <version>1.19.0-beta1</version>
</dependency>

Example configuration

JDBC transaction logs and document stores depend on a 'connection pool' component - if you use both, they can share the same connection pool.

Connection pools require a JDBC 'dialect' - out of the box, XTDB supports the following:

  • H2: xtdb.jdbc.h2/->dialect

  • MySQL: xtdb.jdbc.mysql/->dialect

  • Microsoft SQL Server: xtdb.jdbc.mssql/->dialect

  • Oracle: xtdb.jdbc.oracle/->dialect

  • PostgreSQL: xtdb.jdbc.psql/->dialect

  • SQLite: xtdb.jdbc.sqlite/->dialect

Each of these also require an additional dependency to pull in the relevant JDBC driver - see the XTDB JDBC project.clj for our latest dependencies.

The connection pool also requires a db-spec - a map containing either a full jdbcUrl or its component parts, including dbtype (provided by the dialect by default), host, port, dbname. Any other attributes supplied (user, password, say) are appended to the URL as query parameters - see your individual JDBC driver for full details.

XTDB uses HikariCP to provide connection pools. You can pass options directly to HikariConfig via pool-opts - for example, to setMaximumPoolSize, add maximumPoolSize to your configuration.

JDBC as a Transaction Log

  • JSON

  • Clojure

  • EDN

{
  "xtdb/tx-log": {
    "xtdb/module": "xtdb.jdbc/->tx-log",
    "connection-pool": {
      "dialect": {
        "xtdb/module": "xtdb.jdbc.psql/->dialect"
      },
      "pool-opts": { ... },
      "db-spec": {
        "jdbcUrl": "...",
        // OR
        "host":"...",
        "dbname":"...",
        "user":"...",
        "password":"...",
        ...
        }
    },

    "poll-sleep-duration": "PT1S"
  },

  ...
}
{:xtdb/tx-log {:xtdb/module 'xtdb.jdbc/->tx-log
               :connection-pool {:dialect {:xtdb/module 'xtdb.jdbc.psql/->dialect}
                                 :pool-opts { ... }
                                 :db-spec {:jdbcUrl "..."
                                           ;; OR
                                           :host "..."
                                           :dbname "..."
                                           :user "..."
                                           :password "..."
                                           ... }}
               :poll-sleep-duration (Duration/ofSeconds 1)}
 ...}
{:xtdb/tx-log {:xtdb/module xtdb.jdbc/->tx-log
               :connection-pool {:dialect {:xtdb/module xtdb.jdbc.psql/->dialect}
                                 :pool-opts { ... }
                                 :db-spec {:jdbcUrl "..."
                                           ;; OR
                                           :host "..."
                                           :dbname "..."
                                           :user "..."
                                           :password "..."
                                           ... }}
               :poll-sleep-duration "PT1S"}
 ...}

JDBC as a Document Store

  • JSON

  • Clojure

  • EDN

{
  "xtdb/document-store": {
    "xtdb/module": "xtdb.jdbc/->document-store",
    "connection-pool": {
      "dialect": {
        "xtdb/module": "xtdb.jdbc.psql/->dialect"
      },
      "pool-opts": { ... },
      "db-spec": { ... }
    }
  },

  ...
}
{:xtdb/document-store {:xtdb/module 'xtdb.jdbc/->document-store
                       :connection-pool {:dialect {:xtdb/module 'xtdb.jdbc.psql/->dialect}
                                         :pool-opts { ... }
                                         :db-spec { ... }}}
 ...}
{:xtdb/document-store {:xtdb/module xtdb.jdbc/->document-store
                       :connection-pool {:dialect {:xtdb/module xtdb.jdbc.psql/->dialect}
                                         :pool-opts { ... }
                                         :db-spec { ... }}}
 ...}

Sharing connection pools

If you use JDBC for both the transaction log and document store, you can share the same connection pool between the two modules as follows:

  • JSON

  • Clojure

  • EDN

{
  "xtdb.jdbc/connection-pool": {
    "dialect": {
      "xtdb/module": "xtdb.jdbc.psql/->dialect"
    },
    "pool-opts": { ... },
    "db-spec": { ... }
  },


  "xtdb/document-store": {
    "xtdb/module": "xtdb.jdbc/->document-store",
    "connection-pool": "xtdb.jdbc/connection-pool"
  },

  "xtdb/tx-log": {
    "xtdb/module": "xtdb.jdbc/->tx-log",
    "connection-pool": "xtdb.jdbc/connection-pool"
  },

  ...
}
{:xtdb.jdbc/connection-pool {:dialect {:xtdb/module 'xtdb.jdbc.psql/->dialect}
                             :pool-opts { ... }
                             :db-spec { ... }}
 :xtdb/tx-log {:xtdb/module 'xtdb.jdbc/->tx-log
               :connection-pool :xtdb.jdbc/connection-pool}
 :xtdb/document-store {:xtdb/module 'xtdb.jdbc/->document-store
                       :connection-pool :xtdb.jdbc/connection-pool}
 ...}
{:xtdb.jdbc/connection-pool {:dialect {:xtdb/module xtdb.jdbc.psql/->dialect}
                             :pool-opts { ... }
                             :db-spec { ... }}
 :xtdb/tx-log {:xtdb/module xtdb.jdbc/->tx-log
               :connection-pool :xtdb.jdbc/connection-pool}
 :xtdb/document-store {:xtdb/module xtdb.jdbc/->document-store
                       :connection-pool :xtdb.jdbc/connection-pool}
 ...}

Parameters

Connection pool (xtdb.jdbc/->connection-pool)

  • dialect (dialect, required): JDBC dialect

  • pool-opts (map): see above

  • db-spec (map, required): see above

Transaction log (xtdb.jdbc/->tx-log)

  • connection-pool

  • poll-sleep-duration (string/Duration, default 100 milliseconds, "PT0.1S"): time to sleep between each poll, if the previous poll didn’t yield any transactions.

Document store (xtdb.jdbc/->document-store)

  • connection-pool

  • cache-size (int): size of in-memory document cache